Objective: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a virus-borne infection caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus disease-2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus. Nucleocapsid protein and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) activity in viral structural membrane, transcription, and replication have been identified as desirable targets for the development of novel antiviral strategies. The SARS-COV-2 N protein binds to the viral genome to promote the precise folding of the hammerhead ribozyme, preventing ineffective RNA confirmations, and directs them into a helical capsid shape or ribonucleoprotein complex, which is vital for viability. RNA synthesis requires RdRp to form phosphodiester bonds based on the RNA template. SARS-CoV-2 RNA synthesis, transcription, and replication depend on RdRp’s complex with nsp7 and nsp8. Methods: Our study targeted SARS-COV-2 RdRp and N proteins with natural plant compounds and small molecules. Hyperchem software optimized their structures geometrically and energetically. Based on MolDock, Rerank, and H-bonding energy, the best ligands were selected using the Molegro virtual docker. Results: In our analysis, we have identified nine compounds against N protein and seven compounds against RdRp protein that had more potent inhibitory effects with the lowest MolDock scores. The top 6 (Alpha solanine, Betanin, cairicoside I, Ginsenoside rb 1, Naringin, Polyphyllin I) compounds that have better inhibitory effects against both proteins. Conclusion: We conclude that the top six compounds have greater inhibitory efficacy against N and RdRp protein than other compounds. However, in vitro and in vivo experimental studies, as well as clinical trials, are required to achieve the desired result.

Full Text

Published Version
Open DOI Link

Get access to 250M+ research papers

Discover from 40M+ Open access, 3M+ Pre-prints, 9.5M Topics and 32K+ Journals.

Sign Up Now! It's FREE

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call