The combined effects of severe plastic deformation induced by high-frequency mechanical impact (HFMI) treatment and the electric discharge surface alloying (EDSA) with chromium on the corrosion fatigue life of low-carbon S355 steel transverse non-load-carrying specimens are studied in this paper. First, for various alternations of the combined HFMI + EDSA process, the surface alloyed layer integrity and depths were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) accompanied with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and hardness measurements. The alloying and hardening depths were respectively observed to be 10–30 μm and 0.15–0.75 mm and the surface hardness increased up to 3.6–3.9 GPa. Polarization tests demonstrated higher corrosion resistance of the EDSA-processed samples in 3%NaCl. The near-surface layers of the HFMI + EDSA(Cr) + HFMI processed sample characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) contain the dislocation-cell structure formation and partially dissolved cementite. The fatigue tests in 3%NaCl confirmed that the HFMI + EDSA(Cr) + HFMI post-weld process increased corrosion fatigue life (1.77 × 106 cycles) of the S355 steel welded joint at the stress level of 260 MPa by 2 and 12 times in comparison with the HFMI-treated (0.9 × 106) and as-welded (0.14 × 106) samples, respectively.

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