iScience | VOL. 25
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Beneficial commensal bacteria promote Drosophila growth by downregulating the expression of peptidoglycan recognition proteins

Publication Date Jun 1, 2022

Abstract

Commensal bacteria are known to promote host growth. Such effect partly relies on the capacity of microbes to regulate the host's transcriptional response. However, these evidences mainly come from comparing the transcriptional response caused by commensal bacteria with that of axenic animals, making it difficult to identify the animal genes that are specifically regulated by beneficial microbes. Here, we employ Drosophila melanogaster associated with Lactiplantibacillus plantarum to understand the host genetic pathways regulated by beneficial bacteria and leading to improved host growth. We show that microbial benefit to the host relies on the downregulation of peptidoglycan-recognition proteins. Specifically, we report that bacterial proliferation triggers the lower expression of PGRP-SC1 in larval midgut, which ultimately leads to improved host growth and development. Our study helps elucidate the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effect exerted by commensal bacteria, defining the role of immune effectors in the relationship between Drosophila and its gut microbes.

Concepts

Beneficial Bacteria Commensal Bacteria Host's Transcriptional Response Larval Midgut Beneficial Microbes Host Growth Gut Microbes Transcriptional Response Role Of Effectors Downregulation Of Proteins

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