A Distillation process is carried out to obtain purified substance out of its raw form or impure substance and the process of obtaining Fresh Water from Sea Water in Distillation Tower is termed as Desalination process of water. Desalination process consumes an amount of energy to produce fresh water. Various forms of energy are available to carry out desalination process; but to make the process Eco-Friendly, Solar Energy can be used as form of energy and the system is known as Solar Distillation System. Solar Energy is the most abundant form energy available to humans and that also at no cost. However using Solar Energy for Desalination process reduces the output performance of the entire system. Much research has been done to improve the performance of system by varying characteristics of different parameters of the system. The present review paper highlights works done on solar distillation systems for enhancing the output capacity of the system.

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