The offshore environment is an ideal site for wind farm development as it offers abundant wind energy resources. Investigating offshore wind turbine wake under different turbulence conditions is essential for enhancing energy generation efficiency and promoting sustainable development. This paper utilizes a synthetic turbulence method called Discretizing and Synthesizing Random Flow Generation (DSRFG) to generate four categories of turbulence environments based on International Electrotechnical Commission design requirements for offshore wind turbines. A standalone NREL offshore 5-MW baseline wind turbine is then simulated using the actuator line method coupled with large eddy simulation. Proper Orthogonal Decomposition is employed to analyze the wake characteristics under different incoming turbulence conditions. For the overall wake behaviors, the flow mode, in which some tip vortices flow back towards the hub, become more significant with higher incoming turbulence intensity. Those vortices disturb the turbine and result in unfavorable effects. Meanwhile, when the detailed characteristics of the wake are studied, each primary mode experiences an increase in the number of small-scale vortices with higher incoming turbulence intensity. It results from the interaction between the wake and outer flow, which accelerates wake recovery and benefits the downstream turbine.

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