ABSTRACT In this paper we present an experimental analysis of the effect of RF modulation injection current in DFB and FP lasers nearthe first period doubling bifurcation (PDB). By increasing the amplitude of the modulation frequency at the onset of PDB thefirst results of a virtual Hopf phenomenon like behavior has been observed in both types of lasers. We characterized thisobservation by increasing the amplitude of the current modulation where two peaks appear in the spectrum, approaching oneto the other until fmally merging the onset of period doubling bifurcation as predicted by theory. The same virtual Hopfbehavior was observed when we set the amplitude modulation at a fixed value and we sweep the frequency modulation at theonset of the PDB point.Keywords: Laser Diode, Nonlinear Dynamics, Period Doubling Bifurcations. 1. INTRODUCTION Nonlinear dynamics in diode lasers has been the subject of many theoretical and experimental investigations in the lastdecade as they show a rich variety of irregular behavior in their route to chaos1. A single frequency diode laser is commonlystudied by a rate equation model which describes the time evolution of the photon and carrier densities. In these equations,the inclusion of an additional degree of freedom as modulation of the injection current, external light injection or opticalfeedback is needed for nonlinear dynamics to appear2.To our knowledge, the nonlinear behavior in semiconductor diode lasers has been extensively studied by many authors usingdelayed optical feedback and strong current modulation. In the former, the observed route to chaos was through successivesubharmonic bifurcations or by quasi periodic route3'4. In the strong current modulation case the period sequence wastruncated by period tripling before the onset of chaos5'6.On the other hand, the onset of a period doubling bifurcation point in many physical systems brings to nonlinear phenomenasuch as: 1) small signal amplification, 2) shift and suppression of the bifurcation point and 3) the emergence of a closelyspaced set of peaks in the frequency response7.In semiconductor lasers the parametric amplification was observed by Harth and co-workers8'9 which was analyzed byWiesenfeld few years after'°. In the study developed by Wiesenfeld in ref. 10, semiconductor lasers were proposed as goodcandidate to study the rich variety of nonlinear phenomena near period doubling bifurcations. A recent study has shown thatthe effect of Langevin noise in period doubling semiconductor lasers has a virtual Hopf ur12 previously predicted byWiesenfeld'34 as a virtual Hopf phenomenon in systems undergoing a period doubling bifurcations in the presence ofexternal noise.In the present study we have experimentally investigated the nonlinear dynamics of diode lasers in the period doublingbifurcation point. We study the influence of the amplitude modulation in Distributed Feedback (DFB) lasers near perioddoubling bifurcations. In Fabry-Perot (FP) lasers we performed as well the same study as DFB lasers and the analysis of thefrequency modulation near period doubling bifurcation. So in section II we described the experimental procedure for theonset of the first period doubling bifurcation performed in commercial DFB and FP InGaAsP diode lasers at 1,3 tm emission

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