Abstract

AbstractAs the demand for food continues to rise, soil salinization and sodification pose an increasingly pressing challenge. Currently, there is a knowledge gap regarding how to effectively improve saline‐sodic soils to support sustainable agricultural production, especially the lack of systematic analysis on the effects of different amendments at a global scale. To address this gap, this study aims to explore the feasibility of using exogenous amendments to ameliorate saline‐sodic soils, conducting a global‐scale meta‐analysis based on 685 data pairs from 70 published studies. Our results showed that applying amendments to saline‐sodic soils significantly reduced electrical conductivity of saturated paste extract (ECe) by 33.0% and exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP) by 44.6%, while simultaneously increasing crop yield by 50.7%. Heterogeneity analysis further unveiled significant variations (p < 0.05) in the overall effect size, driven by factors such as initial soil properties (salinity and ESP levels), amendment type, climate and practical management conditions (application dose and experimental duration). The categorical variable analysis showed that, compared to soils with other salinization levels, the application of amendments in severe salinization soils was most effective in reducing soil ECe and enhancing crop yield. Considering the goals of mitigating soil salinity, sodicity, and increasing crop yield, the study suggests the application of mixed‐type amendments in practical settings. It is noteworthy that while extremely high doses (greater than 40 t ha−1) effectively increased crop yield, they also posed a risk of salt accumulation. In conclusion, this research offers critical insights for sustainable agriculture, guiding future work on soil health and food security in the context of global environmental challenges.

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