Landfill leachate (LL) management is an urgent issue at recently closed Sisdol Landfill Site (SLS) used to dispose of solid waste generated in Kathmandu (Nepal) as untreated leachate is flowing directly to the nearby Kolpu River causing environmental and health concerns. This study aims to assess the potential of algae-based treatment of LL pretreated by optimized coagulation-flocculation (CF) for the removal of conventional pollutants such as biological oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonia, nitrate, and phosphate. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the operating variables (dose and pH) during the pretreatment of leachate by the CF process using ferric chloride (FeCl3.7H2O), alum (Al2(SO4)3.6H2O) and commercial poly aluminium chloride (PAC) as coagulants using a jar test apparatus. The pretreated LL was subjected to algal treatment using the mixed microalgae culture isolated and enriched from the wastewater collection pond and grown in artificial light. The combined physicochemical and algal treatment of LL from SLS achieved 62.93-72.43%, 74.93-75.55% and 87.58-93.40% and 73.63-86.73% removal for COD, BOD5, ammonium-nitrogen and phosphate, respectively. Thus, this research has proven the feasibility of a combined physiochemical and algae-based treatment of LL and also offers an exciting alternative to current treatment practices for LL.

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