Abstract

In general, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) require secure routing approaches for delivering the data packets to their sinks or destinations. Most of the WSNs identify particular events in their explicit platforms. However, several WSNs may examine multiple events using numerous sensors in a similar place. Multi-sink and multi-hop WSNs include the ability to offer network efficiency by securing effective data exchanges. The group of nodes in the multi-sink scenario is described through a distance vector. Though, the efficiency of multi-sink WSNs is considerably impacted by the routing of data packets and sink node placement in the cluster. In addition, many WSNs for diverse reasons existed in the similar geographical region. Hence, in this task, a secured energy-efficient routing technique is designed for a Wireless sensor network with Large-scale and multiple sink nodes. Here, the concept of an improved meta-heuristic algorithm termed Adaptive Squirrel Coyote Search Optimization (ASCSO) is implemented for selecting the accurate selection of cluster head. The fitness function regarding residual distance, security risk, energy, delay, trust, and Quality of Service (QoS) is used for rating the optimal solutions. The consumption of energy can be reduced by measuring the mean length along with the cluster head and multiple sink nodes. The latest two heuristic algorithms such as Coyote Optimization Algorithm (COA) and Squirrel Search Algorithm (SSA) are integrated for suggesting a new hybrid heuristic technique. Finally, the offered work is validated and evaluated by comparing it with several optimization algorithms regarding different evaluation metrics between the sensor and sink node.

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