Deep learning in bioinformatics is often limited to problems where extensive amounts of labeled data are available for supervised classification. By exploiting unlabeled data, self-supervised learning techniques can improve the performance of machine learning models in the presence of limited labeled data. Although many self-supervised learning methods have been suggested before, they have failed to exploit the unique characteristics of genomic data. Therefore, we introduce Self-GenomeNet, a self-supervised learning technique that is custom-tailored for genomic data. Self-GenomeNet leverages reverse-complement sequences and effectively learns short- and long-term dependencies by predicting targets of different lengths. Self-GenomeNet performs better than other self-supervised methods in data-scarce genomic tasks and outperforms standard supervised training with ~10 times fewer labeled training data. Furthermore, the learned representations generalize well to new datasets and tasks. These findings suggest that Self-GenomeNet is well suited for large-scale, unlabeled genomic datasets and could substantially improve the performance of genomic models.

Full Text

Published Version
Open DOI Link

Get access to 115M+ research papers

Discover from 40M+ Open access, 2M+ Pre-prints, 9.5M Topics and 32K+ Journals.

Sign Up Now! It's FREE

Talk to us

Join us for a 30 min session where you can share your feedback and ask us any queries you have

Schedule a call