Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) is the essential binding material to produce the OPC concrete. Production of OPC is recently attaining a rate of 2.6 billion ton per year worldwide and growing 5% annually. OPC contributes at rate of 5 – 8% of human-worldwide CO2 emissions which are the greenhouse gases pollute the atmosphere. Geopolymer concrete (GPC) is a creative, sustainable, economical and eco-friendly material for construction industry, which is a suitable alternative to the OPC concrete, able to extensively curb the CO2 emissions. To prepare this kind of concrete, a combination of pozzolanic material such as fly ash (FA), and/or ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) rich with silica and alumina can react with alkaline activator solution producing aluminosilicate gel, acting as a superb binding material for fine and coarse aggregates under special conditions of curing. This study highlights the recent explorations on geopolymer mortars and concrete. Effect of chemicals such as sulphuric acid, effect of fly ash partial replacement with different binding materials, effect of concentration of alkaline activator solutions and the effect of temperature and time of curing variation have been discussed on durability and mechanical properties of geopolymer concrete. Results have shown superb resistance of geopolymer concrete to the detrimental effects of sulphuric acid on weight and compressive strength. Furthermore, fly ash partial replacement with silica fume, OPC or GGBS, or nanosilica inclusion in GPC has a positive effect on the GPC properties. Finally, using high concentration of sodium hydroxide has a detrimental effect on GPC properties.

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