Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | VOL. 106
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A novel pentavalent vaccine candidate completely protects against Acinetobacter baumannii in a mouse model of peritonitis

Publication Date Nov 19, 2022

Abstract

Abstract Acinetobacter baumannii is considered as one of the most virulent and infectious organisms that have an increased ability to both evade host immune response and resist various classes of antibiotics, leading to life-threatening infections. Multiple virulence factors have been implicated in the high prevalence rate of A. baumannii in hospitalized and immunocompromised patients. Moreover, improper use of antibiotics has led to the emergence of extensive drug-resistant strains that urgently require alternative strategies to control this superbug. Unfortunately, the availability of a licensed vaccine against A. baumannii infections is still challenged by the vast diversity among A. baumannii strains. Here, we report the development of a novel pentavalent vaccine candidate composed of two recombinant proteins (Wza and YiaD) and a pool of capsular polysaccharides isolated from 3 clinical isolates. We tested this new vaccine in vivo in a mouse model of peritonitis against the standard strain ATCC 19606 in addition to 3 clinical isolates of A. baumannii. Immunization with this vaccine completely protected the challenged mice with 100% survival rate in the case of all the tested bacteria. Further clinical studies are urgently needed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this proprietary vaccine to protect patients from A. baumannii lethal infections. Key points • Recombinant proteins pool (Wza and YiaD) immunization led to a synergistic immune ...

Concepts

Mouse Model Of Peritonitis Survival Of Immunized Mice Improper Use Of Antibiotics Multiple Virulence Factors Clinical Isolates Acinetobacter Baumannii Baumannii Infections Baumannii Strains Classes Of Antibiotics Capsular Polysaccharides

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