Although the number of food governance‐related studies increased rapidly in the recent decade, the current academic research still lacked systematic integration of food safety governance. To clarify the development trends of research therein, this study summarized research articles concerning food safety governance by the Web of Science Core Collection. An in‐depth bibliometric analysis was then conducted through CiteSpace to summarize the current characters and hot spots of food safety governance research, and predicted future research trends. Results showed that food safety governance was multidisciplinary, which included environmental science, food science, economics, and agriculture. The United States had the largest number of relevant articles, and Wageningen University was the most influential scientific research institution. Among all the journals in this field, Food Policy ranked the first in publication volume and co‐citation frequency. The development of food safety governance research was divided into three processes, namely the separate formulation of the standards for public and private sectors, the joint implementation of these standards, and co‐governance by multiple sectors. The most popular research hot spots in this field were food safety policy integration and public–private partnership of food safety governance. Lower‐ and middle‐income countries focused more on food supply and food system design, and regrettably not on food safety. Higher‐income countries cared more about food safety and food nutrition. Besides, researchers of higher‐income countries also concentrated on consumers' voices in participating in food safety governance. Food safety co‐governance, online food governance, the willingness to buy safe food, and food safety governance under pandemics were considered as future research directions.

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