Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences | VOL. 30
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A Bayesian approach to estimating the population prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders using multiple measures

Publication Date Jan 1, 2021

Abstract

Abstract Aims There is currently no universally accepted measure for population-based surveillance of mood and anxiety disorders. As such, the use of multiple linked measures could provide a more accurate estimate of population prevalence. Our primary objective was to apply Bayesian methods to two commonly employed population measures of mood and anxiety disorders to make inferences regarding the population prevalence and measurement properties of a combined measure. Methods We used data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey – Mental Health linked to health administrative databases in Ontario, Canada. Structured interview diagnoses were obtained from the survey, and health administrative diagnoses were identified using a standardised algorithm. These two prevalence estimates, in addition to data on the concordance between these measures and prior estimates of their psychometric properties, were used to inform our combined estimate. The marginal posterior densities of all parameters were estimated using Hamiltonian Monte Carlo (HMC), a Markov Chain Monte Carlo technique. Summaries of posterior distributions, including the means and 95% equally tailed posterior credible intervals, were used for interpretation of the results. Results The combined prevalence mean was 8.6%, with a credible interval of 6.8–10.6%. This combined estimate sits between Bayesian-derived prevalence estimates from administrative data-derived diagnoses (mean = 7.4%) and the survey-derived diagnose...

Concepts

Hamiltonian Monte Carlo Health Administrative Databases In Ontario Anxiety Disorders Markov Chain Monte Carlo Technique Combined Prevalence Estimate Use Of Bayesian Approaches Combined Prevalence Structured Interview Diagnoses Mood Disorders Prevalence Of Anxiety Disorders

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