Leigh Van Valen famously stated that under constant conditions extinction probability is independent of species age. To test this 'law of constant extinction', we developed a new method using deep learning to infer age-dependent extinction and analysed 450myr of marine life across 21 invertebrate clades. We show that extinction rate significantly decreases with age in >90% of the cases, indicating that most species died out soon after their appearance while those which survived experienced ever decreasing extinction risk. This age-dependent extinction pattern is stronger towards the Equator and holds true when the potential effects of mass extinctions and taxonomic inflation are accounted for. These results suggest that the effect of biological interactions on age-dependent extinction rate is more intense towards the tropics. We propose that the latitudinal diversity gradient and selection at the species level account for this exceptional, yet little recognised, macroevolutionary and macroecological pattern.
Age-dependent Extinction Latitudinal Diversity Gradient Taxonomic Inflation Macroecological Pattern Law Of Extinction Age-dependent Rate Age-dependent Pattern Extinction Rate Effects Of Inflation Effects Of Extinctions
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Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.
Climate change Research Articles published between Sep 19, 2022 to Sep 25, 2022
Sep 26, 2022
Articles Included: 5
Disaster Prevention and Management ISSN: 0965-3562 Article publication date: 20 September 2022 This paper applies the theory of cascading, interconnec...Read More
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