287 Safety and antitumor activity of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO-1) inhibitor KHK2455 in combination with anti-CCR4 monoclonal antibody mogamulizumab in patients with advanced solid tumors

Publication Date Nov 1, 2020


BackgroundIDO-1 inhibitors have shown antitumor activity in combination with immunotherapeutic agents in multiple cancers. KHK2455 is a novel and selective oral IDO-1 inhibitor. KHK2455 inhibits IDO-1 apo-enzyme, with long-lasting and potent activity. Mogamulizumab is an anti-C-C chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) monoclonal antibody that has shown synergy with KHK2455 in preclinical models. Mogamulizumab is approved in the US and EU for treatment of mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome.MethodsIn this first-in-human study, patients with advanced solid tumors received escalating oral doses of KHK2455 alone (0.3, 1, 3, 10, 30 and 100 mg once daily) for 4 weeks (Cycle 0), followed by combination with 1 mg/kg weekly of IV mogamulizumab for 4 weeks (Cycle 1), and then on Days 1 and 15 (from Cycle 2 onward) in a standard 3+3 Phase I design. Safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and IDO activity (kynurenine [Kyn] and tryptophan [Trp] levels and ex vivo Kyn production) were evaluated.ResultsThirty-six patients were enrolled across all cohorts. One patient with lower esophageal cancer in the 100 mg cohort exhibited dose-limiting toxicity (Grade 3 gastrointestinal necrosis). The most frequent (≥10%) treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) are presented in table 1. Overall numbers of TEAEs, ≥Grade 3 TEAEs, and serious TEAEs related to KHK2455 and mogamulizumab are presented in table 2. Serious KHK2455-related TEAEs included gastrointestinal necrosis (KHK2455 monotherapy), and nausea and drug eruption (combination therapy). In addition, fi...

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Treatment-emergent Adverse Events
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1
anti-CCR4 Monoclonal Antibody Mogamulizumab
Drug-related Treatment-emergent Adverse Events
Mogamulizumab In Patients
Antitumor Activity In Combination
Lower Esophageal Cancer
Kyn Production
Selective Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 Inhibitor
Gastrointestinal Necrosis

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