1. The purpose of the study was to confirm whether a subthreshold dose of CCK-4 would enhance the vulnerability of healthy subjects to a 35% carbon dioxide challenge. 2. 40 subjects, with no prior or present psychiatric disorder and in good physical health were challenged with a vital capacity breath of a 35% carbon dioxide 65% oxygen mixture, immediately after an intravenous injection of 10 microg CCK-4 or placebo, according to a random order, double blind, separate group design. 3. Subjects reported significantly less anxiety and panic symptoms upon carbon dioxide after premedication with CCK-4 than after placebo. 4. CCK-4 and carbon dioxide seem to inhibit rather than enhance each other's effects, possibly through an effect on different neurobiological systems.
Carbon Dioxide Challenge Good Physical Health Carbon Dioxide CO2 Challenge Panic Symptoms Neurobiological Systems Oxygen Mixture Prior Psychiatric Disorder Challenge In Volunteers Healthy Volunteers
AI-powered Research feed
Introducing Weekly Round-ups!Beta
Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.
Climate change Research Articles published between Nov 14, 2022 to Nov 20, 2022
Nov 21, 2022
Articles Included: 2
Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.