Abstract

TiO2 nanotubes (NT) offer several advantages over other geometries for photoelectrochemical (PEC) applications. However, their performance in PEC water-splitting application has remained unsatisfactory due to its wide bandgap. To address this limitation, one approach is the incorporation of other materials as co-catalysts. Hence, in this study, a composite of TiO2 NT and cobalt sulfide (CoxSy) was successfully synthesized, and its potential as a photoelectrode for water molecules splitting was evaluated. The TiO2 NT was synthesized using electrochemical anodization of Ti foil, followed by annealing at 500 °C. Subsequently, CoxSy was added to the TiO2 NT using hydrothermal method, and the composite was further annealed at 400 °C. Characterization technique, such as FESEM and XRD were employed to identify the morphological and phase structures, while UV-Vis reflectance spectroscopy was used for optical analysis. The efficiency of CoxSy deposited on to TiO2 NT were evaluated by measuring the photocurrent generation. Remarkably, the sample of 60_CoxSy/TiO2 NT exhibited photocurrent as high as 0.375 mA/cm2 which is over sixfold higher than the bare TiO2 NT. The results reported in this study were higher than those reported previously.

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