Aim. Scientific substantiation of the ongoing processes of reducing biodiversity to the environment and their impact on the growth of threats to food security of the countries of the world. Material and Methods. General scientific methods of scientific research, methods of generalization and synthesis of scientific knowledge, methods of regulatory analysis of the current situation in the socio-economic sphere were used. All digital materials and data were obtained from open sources and used to substantiate the theoretical material in fact. To illustrate the materials, methods of graphical data presentation, statistical data evaluation and logical analysis were used. Results. The depletion of biodiversity dictates the need to search for new approaches to communication with nature and the use of its resources. The growing threat of destruction of the existing ecosystems that form the habitat of living organisms on the planet is forcing the countries of the world to revise their industrial technologies and applied mechanisms to ensure sustainable economic growth and food security. Population growth does not make it possible to reduce the rate of development for civilization, but requires intensification of efforts on the part of the leadership of world powers to reduce the rate of growth of global biological threats. Conclusion. The disturbance of the biological diversity of the planet indirectly affects the state of biocenoses and resistance to destruction and degradation. The anthropogenic influence of humanity and geometric population growth in numbers do not allow the biosphere to restore equilibrium after the intervention and consumption of its resources. The tasks of assessing the role of man in the formation of the problem of loss of biodiversity, the importance of preserving biodiversity for maintaining the life support of the growing earthly population, providing the entire population with the necessary level and availability of food for balanced and sustainable economic development were investigated and consistently solved. Of course, it is necessary to take a more serious approach to the conservation and protection of the planet's biodiversity.

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