Проблема учета поглощающей способности лесов России в Парижском соглашении

Publication Date Jan 1, 2018


RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST SCIENCE, 2018, No. 5, P. 323–334 THE PROBLEM OF ACCOUNTING FOR CARBON SEQUESTRATION ABILITY OF RUSSIAN FORESTS IN PARIS CLIMATIC AGREEMENT A. A. Romanovskaya, A. A. Trunov, V. N. Korotkov, R. T. Karaban’ Institute of Global Climate and Ecology Glebovskaya st. 20b, Moscow, 107258, Russia E-mail : an_roman@mail.ru Received 26 July 2016 Rules of accounting of net absorption by forests to redeem the Kyoto Protocol limit the offset down to 24% of the total estimate declared in the National Inventory report on anthropogenic emissions and absorption of greenhouse gases (NIR) of the Russian Federation. This is why a challenge of the “maximal possible accounting of absorption by the forests” arose in the framework of the Paris Agreement as stated in the national contribution of Russia to decrease the emissions by 2030. To assess the fulfillment of the commitments on cutting greenhouse gas emissions one must account for aggregate emissions and total absorption by the managed ecosystems. In terms of economy, any limitations on offset make unreasonable further support of activities aimed to sustain and increase of carbon storages. Here we propose the complete offset of the net absorption by forests to fulfill national commitments with the inclusion of the baseline budget of the forest carbon to the emissions of 1990. Verification of the estimate made with the national methodology of the Russian Federation applied in NIR with inventories of other countries proves it is an objective estimate of the absorption by ...


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