BackgroundTo investigate the torque expression of conventional stainless steel (SS) brackets in combination with rectangular SS archwires and nickel-titanium (NiTi) V-slot brackets in combination with V-shaped NiTi archwires using finite element analysis (FEA). MethodsCAD models were created for a conventional bracket and rectangular archwires with dimensions of 0.018″x0.025″ and 0.019″x0.025″, and for a V-slot bracket and V-shaped archwires with heights of 0.55 mm, 0.60 mm and 0.70 mm. FEA was performed using Ansys 2022R2 software to assess the forces and moments during simulated torsion of the archwires in the brackets between 0° and 25° with varying interbracket distances and free path lengths. ResultsThe V-slot bracket-archwire combination exhibited force transmission and moment generation within 1° of torsion. The transmissible force increased with the torsion angle, but showed an upper limit of about 13–14 Nmm. The SS bracket-archwire combination showed negligible forces and moments for simulated torsion between 0° and 15°. At torsions of 25°, moments of 12 Nmm and 14 Nmm occurred for the 0.018″x0.025″ and 0.019″x0.025″ archwire dimensions, respectively. ConclusionsThe V-slot bracket-archwire combination is effective in expressing torque and preventing both over- and under-activation. Conventional bracket-archwire combinations showed torsional losses due to play between 10 and 15°, depending on the dimensions of the respective archwire, and no upper torsional moment limit.