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Alpha decay and cluster radioactivity investigation of actinide nuclei

Based on the Unified Fission Model with a Woods–Saxon potential (UFMWS), we have investigated alpha decay and cluster radioactivity of actinide nuclei. To ensure accuracy, we determined the most precise [Formula: see text]-values by comparing the results of four nuclear mass models: the liquid drop model (LDM), the DZ28 model, the WS4 model, and the finite range droplet model (FRDM), which were recently improved using a machine learning algorithm. Among these models, it is found that the improved WS4 (IWS4) provides the most accurate [Formula: see text]-values, enabling the UFMWS model to effectively reproduce experimental alpha and cluster decay half-lives. Consequently, the UFMWS model using IWS4 [Formula: see text]-values was employed to explore various combinations of parent nuclei and alpha particle as well as even–even emitted clusters ranging from Be to Si. The obtained results are consistent with previous study that identified minima in half-lives near corresponding to the doubly magic [Formula: see text]Pb daughter nucleus or its neighboring nuclei. It is found that neutron-deficient parent nuclei generally displayed the shortest half-lives, most of which are within the experimental range. Considering the experimental limitations, cluster decays favorable for measurement in the actinide region were identified. Interestingly, these decays did not involve the most neutron-deficient nuclei.