4,076 publications found
Sort by
Impact of computer‐aided characterization for diagnosis of colorectal lesions, including sessile serrated lesions: Multireader, multicase study

ObjectivesComputer‐aided characterization (CADx) may be used to implement optical biopsy strategies into colonoscopy practice; however, its impact on endoscopic diagnosis remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the additional diagnostic value of CADx when used by endoscopists for assessing colorectal polyps.MethodsThis was a single‐center, multicase, multireader, image‐reading study using randomly extracted images of pathologically confirmed polyps resected between July 2021 and January 2022. Approved CADx that could predict two‐tier classification (neoplastic or nonneoplastic) by analyzing narrow‐band images of the polyps was used to obtain a CADx diagnosis. Participating endoscopists determined if the polyps were neoplastic or not and noted their confidence level using a computer‐based, image‐reading test. The test was conducted twice with a 4‐week interval: the first test was conducted without CADx prediction and the second test with CADx prediction. Diagnostic performances for neoplasms were calculated using the pathological diagnosis as reference and performances with and without CADx prediction were compared.ResultsFive hundred polyps were randomly extracted from 385 patients and diagnosed by 14 endoscopists (including seven experts). The sensitivity for neoplasia was significantly improved by referring to CADx (89.4% vs. 95.6%). CADx also had incremental effects on the negative predictive value (69.3% vs. 84.3%), overall accuracy (87.2% vs. 91.8%), and high‐confidence diagnosis rate (77.4% vs. 85.8%). However, there was no significant difference in specificity (80.1% vs. 78.9%).ConclusionsComputer‐aided characterization has added diagnostic value for differentiating colorectal neoplasms and may improve the high‐confidence diagnosis rate.

Performance evaluation of a computer‐aided polyp detection system with artificial intelligence for colonoscopy

A computer-aided detection (CAD) system was developed to support the detection of colorectal lesions by deep learning using video images of lesions and normal mucosa recorded during colonoscopy. The study's purpose was to evaluate the stand-alone performance of this device under blinded conditions. This multicenter prospective observational study was conducted at four Japanese institutions. We used 326 videos of colonoscopies recorded with patient consent at institutions in which the Ethics Committees approved the study. The sensitivity of successful detection of the CAD system was calculated using the target lesions, which were detected by adjudicators from two facilities for each lesion appearance frame; inconsistencies were settled by consensus. Successful detection was defined as display of the detection flag on the lesion for more than 0.5 s within 3 s of appearance. Of the 556 target lesions from 185 cases, detection success sensitivity was 97.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] 95.8-98.5%). The "successful detection sensitivity per colonoscopy" was 93% (95% CI 88.3-95.8%). For the frame-based sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 86.6% (95% CI 84.8-88.4%), 84.7% (95% CI 83.8-85.6%), 34.9% (95% CI 32.3-37.4%), and 98.2% (95% CI 97.8-98.5%), respectively. University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN000044622).

Impact of an artificial intelligence‐aided endoscopic diagnosis system on improving endoscopy quality for trainees in colonoscopy: Prospective, randomized, multicenter study

This study was performed to evaluate whether the use of CAD EYE (Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan) for colonoscopy improves colonoscopy quality in gastroenterology trainees. The patients in this multicenter randomized controlled trial were divided into Group A (observation using CAD EYE) and Group B (standard observation). Six trainees performed colonoscopies using a back-to-back method in pairs with gastroenterology experts. The primary end-point was the trainees' adenoma detection rate (ADR), and the secondary end-points were the trainees' adenoma miss rate (AMR) and Assessment of Competency in Endoscopy (ACE) tool scores. Each trainee's learning curve was evaluated using a cumulative sum (CUSUM) control chart. We analyzed data for 231 patients (Group A, n = 113; Group B, n = 118). The ADR was not significantly different between the two groups. Group A had a significantly lower AMR (25.6% vs. 38.6%, P = 0.033) and number of missed adenomas per patient (0.5 vs. 0.9, P = 0.004) than Group B. Group A also had significantly higher ACE tool scores for pathology identification (2.26 vs. 2.07, P = 0.030) and interpretation and identification of pathology location (2.18 vs. 2.00, P = 0.038). For the CUSUM learning curve, Group A showed a trend toward a lower number of cases of missed multiple adenomas by the six trainees. CAD EYE did not improve ADR but decreased the AMR and improved the ability to accurately locate and identify colorectal adenomas. CAD EYE can be assumed to be beneficial for improving colonoscopy quality in gastroenterology trainees. University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN000044031).

Open Access