11,381 publications found
Sort by
Prevalence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of spontaneous portosystemic shunt in patients with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis: A multicenter study from China

The impact of spontaneous portosystemic shunt (SPSS) on decompensated events and mortality for patients with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis remains poorly investigated.To evaluate the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of SPSS among patients with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis.Patients who were diagnosed with hepatitis B-related cirrhosis were retrospectively recruited. All eligible patients were classified into SPSS and non-SPSS groups and their clinical characteristics and outcomes were compared and analyzed.Of the 1282 patients included in this study, SPSS was identified in 488 patients (38.1%). SPSS group had more severe liver function impairment, higher prevalence and severity of esophageal and gastric varices (EGV), and a higher prevalence of EGV bleeding (EGVB), portal vein thrombosis (PVT), hepatic encephalopathy (HE), ascites, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, all P<0.05). During the follow-up period, SPSS group experienced a significantly higher incidence of EGVB, PVT, and HE (all P<0.05); however, there was no significant difference in the incidence of ascites, HCC, and mortality between the two groups (all P>0.05).With hepatitis B-related cirrhosis, SPSS was common and characterized by severe liver damage and a high prevalence of decompensated events. Moreover, patients with SPSS had higher risks of EGVB, PVT, and HE.