iScience | VOL. 25
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Ultrasound-mediated synthesis of nanoporous fluorite-structured high-entropy oxides toward noble metal stabilization.

Publication Date May 20, 2022

Abstract

High-entropy oxides (HEOs) are an emerging class of advanced ceramic materials capable of stabilizing ultrasmall nanoparticle catalysts. However, their fabrication still relies on high-temperature thermal treatment methodologies affording nonporous architectures. Herein, we report a facile synthesis of single-phase, fluorite-structured HEO nanocrystals via an ultrasound-mediated co-precipitation strategy under ambient conditions. Within 15min of ultrasound exposure, high-quality fluorite-structured HEO (CeHfZrSnErOx) was generated as ultrasmall-sized particles with high surface area and high oxygen vacancy concentration. Taking advantage of these unique structural features, palladium was introduced and stabilized in the form of highly dispersed Pd nanoclusters within the CeHfZrSnErOx architecture. Neither phase segregation of the CeHfZrSnErOx support nor Pd sintering was observed under thermal treatment up to 900°C. The as-afforded Pd/CeHfZrSnErOx catalyst exhibits good catalytic performance toward CO oxidation, outperforming Pd/CeO2 of the same Pd loading, which highlights the inherent advantage of CeHfZrSnErOx as carrier support over traditional oxides.

Concepts
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High-entropy Oxides
High Oxygen Vacancy Concentration
Pd Sintering
Pd Loading
CO Oxidation
High Surface Area
Surface Area Concentration
Fluorite-structured Oxides
Thermal Treatment
Ambient Conditions

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