Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES) results from hypersecretion of gastrin from pancreatic or duodenal neuroendocrine tumors, commonly referred to as gastrinomas. The high levels of gastrin lead to a typical presentation involving watery diarrhea and multiple ulcers in the duodenum. Here, we have presented the rare case of a patient with ZES and absence of hypergastrinemia as well as an atypical location of gastrinoma. A 72-year-old woman presented with the typical clinical manifestations of ZES, including upper abdominal pain, significant watery diarrhea, and acidic liquid vomitus. Surprisingly, however, she did not have an increased level of serum gastrin. In addition, there was no evidence of gastrinoma or any other ulcerogenic tumor. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy was conducted to examine the upper digestive tract. Revised diagnoses were considered, and an individualized treatment plan was developed. The patient responded to antacid medication while experiencing intermittent, recurring bouts of ZES. 18F-AlF-NOTA-octreotide positron emission tomography (18F-OC PET)/computed tomography (CT) helped locate the tumor. Postoperative pathology and immunohistochemistry results suggested that the tumor was a gastrinoma located at an unconventional site. This present case study demonstrates the possibility of ZES-like manifestation in patients with absence of hypergastrinemia. 18F-OC PET/CT is a relatively new imaging technique that can be applied for diagnosing even tiny gastrinomas that are atypical in terms of location.

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