Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology | VOL. 104

Triterpenoid saponins from Ilex pubescens promote blood circulation in blood stasis syndrome by regulating sphingolipid metabolism and the PI3K/AKT/eNOS signaling pathway.

Publication Date Sep 1, 2022


Blood stasis syndrome (BSS) is a severe disorder involving disturbances in glycerophosphocholine metabolism. Ilex pubescens (IP) can regulate the levels of lipids, such as lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) and lysophosphatidylethanolamine (LPE); however, the main active constituent of IP and its corresponding mechanism in BSS treatment are still unclear. To explore the mechanisms by which triterpenoid saponins of IP (IPTS) promote blood circulation using system pharmacology-based approaches. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat BSS model was prepared by oral administration of IPTS for 7 days followed by adrenaline hydrochloride injection before immersion in ice water. Coagulation parameters in plasma and thromboxane B2 (TXB2), endothelin (ET) and 6-keto-PGF1α in serum were measured. The possible influence on abdominal aortas was evaluated by histopathology assessment. Human vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were incubated with ox-LDL, and the effects of IPTS on cell viability and LDH release were investigated. UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS was used for metabolic profile analysis of lipid-soluble components in rat plasma and intracellular metabolites in HUVECs. Network pharmacology was used to predict the relevant targets and model pathways of BSS and the main components of IPTS. Molecular docking, molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and biochemical assays were used to predict molecular interactions between the active components of IPTS and target proteins. RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA level of target proteins. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry ...


Blood Stasis Syndrome Promote Blood Circulation Molecular Dynamics Simulation Immersion In Ice Water Components In Rat Plasma Human Vein Endothelial Cells Sphingolipid Metabolism Regulating Sphingolipid Metabolism Ilex Pubescens Signaling Pathway

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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