Electric Power Systems Research | VOL. 180

The role of power-to-gas and carbon capture technologies in cross-sector decarbonisation strategies

Publication Date Mar 1, 2020


Abstract This paper proposes an optimisation-based framework to tackle long-term centralised planning problems of multi-sector, integrated energy systems including electricity, hydrogen, natural gas, synthetic methane and carbon dioxide. The model selects and sizes the set of power generation, energy conversion and storage as well as carbon capture technologies minimising the cost of supplying energy demand in the form of electricity, hydrogen, natural gas or synthetic methane across the power, heating, transportation and industry sectors whilst accounting for policy drivers, such as energy independence, carbon dioxide emissions reduction targets, or support schemes. The usefulness of the model is illustrated by a case study evaluating the potential of sector coupling via power-to-gas and carbon capture technologies to achieve deep decarbonisation targets in the Belgian context. Results, on the one hand, indicate that power-to-gas can only play a minor supporting role in cross-sector decarbonisation strategies in Belgium, as electrolysis plants are deployed in moderate quantities whilst methanation plants do not appear in any studied scenario. On the other hand, given the limited renewable potential, post-combustion and direct air carbon capture technologies clearly play an enabling role in any decarbonisation strategy, but may also exacerbate the dependence on fossil fuels.

Powered ByUnsilo

Carbon Capture Technologies
Synthetic Methane
Natural Gas
Optimisation-based Framework

Introducing Weekly Round-ups!Beta

Powered by R DiscoveryR Discovery

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Coronavirus Research Articles published between Oct 11, 2021 to Oct 17, 2021

R DiscoveryOct 18, 2021
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  3

Muhammad Ikbal and colleagues (2021) reported in ‘Visualisasi dan Analisa Data Penyebaran Covid-19 dengan Metode Klasifikasi Naïve Bayes’ that the cov...

Read More

Climate change Research Articles published between Oct 11, 2021 to Oct 17, 2021

R DiscoveryOct 18, 2021
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Junjie Jia et al. (2021) reported in ‘Driving mechanisms of gross primary productivity geographical patterns for Qinghai–Tibet Plateau lake systems’ t...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19


Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard