Abstract

Liver diseases, especially the chronic type, are a global concern. There is a growing interest in the intermittent fasting model due to its presumed health benefits. Ramadan fasting, although religious fasting, is one of the best examples of intermittent fasting, with some differences, and is observed by more than 1 billion Muslims around the world. This month follows the Arabic Hijri calendar, which is 12 days shorter than the Gregorian calendar; hence, this entire month of fasting may occur in any season of the year. There is evidence that many patients with chronic liver disease are prone to adverse events upon observing this month of continuous intermittent fasting, particularly during the hot summer with prolonged hours of fasting, if they are not adequately addressed and prevented from fasting. There is a need to sound the alarm to develop a risk-assessment tool to omit vulnerable patients with chronic liver disease-who are exempted on religious grounds from observing this pattern of fasting.

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