International Journal of Hematology
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The miR-106b-25 cluster mediates drug resistance in myeloid leukaemias by inactivating multiple apoptotic genes

Publication Date Nov 18, 2022

Abstract

Drug resistance is a major obstacle to the successful treatment of cancer. The role of the miR-106b-25 cluster in drug resistance of haematologic malignancies has not yet been elucidated. Here, we show that the miR-106b-25 cluster mediates resistance to therapeutic agents with structural and mechanistic dissimilarity in vitro and in vivo. RNA sequencing data revealed that overexpression of the miR-106b-25 cluster or its individual miRNAs resulted in downregulation of multiple key regulators of apoptotic pathways. Luciferase reporter assay identified TP73 as a direct target of miR-93 and miR-106b, BAK1 as a direct target of miR-25 and CASP7 as a direct target of all three miRNAs. We also showed that inhibitors of the miR-106b-25 cluster and BCL-2 exert synergistic effects on apoptosis induction in primary myeloid leukaemic cells. Thus, the members of the miR-106b-25 cluster may jointly contribute to myeloid leukaemia drug resistance by inactivating multiple apoptotic genes. Targeting this cluster could be a promising combination strategy in patients resistant to therapeutic agents that induce apoptosis.

Concepts

Direct Target Of miR-93 Drug Resistance Multiple Genes Primary Myeloid Cells Apoptosis Induction Primary Leukaemic Cells Apoptosis Induction In Cells Structural Dissimilarity Induction In Cells Regulators Of Pathways

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