Artificial neural networks and computational neuroscience models have made tremendous progress, allowing computers to achieve impressive results in artificial intelligence (AI) applications, such as image recognition, natural language processing, or autonomous driving. Despite this remarkable progress, biological neural systems consume orders of magnitude less energy than today's artificial neural networks and are much more agile and adaptive. This efficiency and adaptivity gap is partially explained by the computing substrate of biological neural processing systems that is fundamentally different from the way today's computers are built. Biological systems use in-memory computing elements operating in a massively parallel way rather than time-multiplexed computing units that are reused in a sequential fashion. Moreover, activity of biological neurons follows continuous-time dynamics in real, physical time, instead of operating on discrete temporal cycles abstracted away from real-time. Here, we present neuromorphic processing devices that emulate the biological style of processing by using parallel instances of mixed-signal analog/digital circuits that operate in real time. We argue that this approach brings significant advantages in efficiency of computation. We show examples of embodied neuromorphic agents that use such devices to interact with the environment and exhibit autonomous learning.
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Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.
Climate change Research Articles published between Nov 15, 2021 to Nov 21, 2021
Nov 22, 2021
Articles Included: 3
In ‘Climate change adaptation for managing non-timber forest products in the Nepalese Himalaya’, Lila Gurung et al. (2021) noted that non-timber fores...Read More