World Journal of Surgery | VOL. 46
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Temporary or Permanent? A Clinical Challenge in the Evaluation of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients with Unconsciousness and Normal Initial Head CT

Publication Date Sep 21, 2022

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with unconsciousness and normal initial head computed tomography (CT) present a clinical dilemma for physicians and neurosurgeons in the emergency department (ED). We recorded how long it took for patients to regain consciousness and evaluated the patients' characteristics. From 2018 to 2020, TBI patients with unconsciousness and normal initial head CT [Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score < 13, negative CT scan and normal laboratory test results] were evaluated. Patients who regained consciousness were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression (MLR) analyses were used to evaluate independent factors for regaining consciousness. A total of 77 patients were included in this study. Fifty-eight (75.3%) patients regained consciousness, most within one day (43.1%). Nineteen (24.7%) patients never regained consciousness. MLR analysis showed that initial GCS score (odds 1.85, p = 0.017), early airway protection in ED (odds 25.02, p = 0.018) and 72-h GCS score improvement by two points (odds 0.02, p = 0.001) were independent factors for regaining consciousness. Overall, 94.1% of patients who received early airway protection and improved 2 points in 72-h GCS score regained consciousness. The association between days to M5 status and days to M6 status (consciousness) was highly significant. Fewer days to M5 status were highly associated with needing fewer days to regain consciousness. For TBI patients with unconsciousness and normal initial head CT, a higher probability of regaining consciousness was o...

Concepts

Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Glasgow Coma Scale Score Normal Initial Computed Tomography Normal Head Computed Tomography Initial Glasgow Coma Scale Score Normal Computed Tomography Initial Computed Tomography Normal Head Negative Computed Tomography Scan Points In Score

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