Science Advances | VOL. 8
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Semicircular canal size constrains vestibular function in miniaturized frogs

Publication Date Jun 17, 2022

Abstract

Miniaturization has evolved repeatedly in frogs in the moist leaf litter environments of rainforests worldwide. Miniaturized frogs are among the world’s smallest vertebrates and exhibit an array of enigmatic features. One area where miniaturization has predictable consequences is the vestibular system, which acts as a gyroscope, providing sensory information about movement and orientation. We investigated the vestibular system of pumpkin toadlets, Brachycephalus (Anura: Brachycephalidae), a clade of miniaturized frogs from Brazil. The semicircular canals of miniaturized frogs are the smallest recorded for adult vertebrates, resulting in low sensitivity to angular acceleration due to insufficient displacement of endolymph. This translates into a lack of postural control during jumping in Brachycephalus and represents a physical constraint resulting from Poiseuille’s law, which governs movement of fluids within tubes.

Concepts

Vestibular System Displacement Of Endolymph Litter Environments Movement Of Fluids Semicircular Canals Adult Vertebrates Angular Acceleration Postural Control Leaf Litter Physical Constraint

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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