Abstract: Suitable buildings, building services and mechanical equipment are essential factors to consider when planning the industrial manufacture of food. The design and specifications of buildings, services and equipment, and the manner in which these are used and maintained, can have a large impact on food production factors such as the working environment and the quality of the food manufactured. Basic criteria for building construction and equipment design are established in acts and regulations. It should also be remembered that these regulations apply once a factory is in operation after it has been constructed and its equipment commissioned. This Chapter describes the major acts and regulations relevant to food factory construction, building services, food processing equipment and food factory operation in Japan. The legislation relates to hygiene management, industrial health and safety and environmental protection, among other issues.

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