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Redox-Controlled Chemical Protein Synthesis: Sundry Shades of Latency.

Publication Date Sep 9, 2022

Abstract

ConspectusThe last two decades have witnessed the rise in power of chemical protein synthesis to the point where it now constitutes an established corpus of synthetic methods efficiently complementing biological approaches. One factor explaining this spectacular evolution is the emergence of a new class of chemoselective reactions enabling the formation of native peptide bonds between two unprotected peptidic segments, also known as native ligation reactions. In recent years, their application has fueled the production of homogeneous batches of large and highly decorated protein targets with a control of their composition at the atomic level. In doing so, native ligation reactions have provided the means for successful applications in chemical biology, medicinal chemistry, materials science, and nanotechnology research.The native chemical ligation (NCL) reaction has had a major impact on the field by enabling the chemoselective formation of a native peptide bond between a C-terminal peptidyl thioester and an N-terminal cysteinyl peptide. Since its introduction in 1994, the NCL reaction has been made the object of significant improvements and its scope and limitations have been thoroughly investigated. Furthermore, the diversification of peptide segment assembly strategies has been essential to access proteins of increasing complexity and has had to overcome the challenge of controlling the reactivity of ligation partners.One hallmark of NCL is its dependency on thiol reactivity, including for its catalysis. While Nature cons...

Concepts

Native Chemical Ligation Reaction Chemical Protein Synthesis Native Chemical Ligation Applications In Chemical Biology Peptide Segment Ligation Reactions Chemical Ligation Control Of Reactivity Thiol Reactivity Organic Chemistry

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