Uterine diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a rare clinical condition. Most studies for uterine DLBCL are derived from case reports and series. Our main objective was to present a new case while also investigating the demographic, clinical characteristics, and survival of women with primary uterine DLBCL as compared to non-uterine DLBCL using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results incidence database. We queried the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database for women aged 18 years or older with a diagnosis of primary DLBCL from 1975 to 2017. The most common site of primary uterine DLBCL is the cervix uteri not otherwise specified, followed by endometrium, uterus not otherwise specified, corpus uteri, myometrium and isthmus uteri. Non-uterine DLBCL cases tend to be older than uterine DLBCL cases. Uterine DLBCL is most common among women aged 40 to 64 years. Patients with uterine DLBCL showed greater survival than non-uterine DLBCL patients, and patients treated in the rituximab era also exhibited a survival benefit. Both the elderly and African American cohorts experienced worse overall survival.

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