JMIR research protocols | VOL. 11

Preventing and Protecting Against Internet Research Fraud in Anonymous Web-Based Research: Protocol for the Development and Implementation of an Anonymous Web-Based Data Integrity Plan.

Publication Date Sep 12, 2022


Data integrity is a priority in any internet research study; it should be maintained to protect the safety and privacy of human participants and to maintain the validity and reliability of research findings. However, one noteworthy risk of web-based research is fraudulent respondent activity. When investigators must utilize anonymous web-based recruitment techniques to reach hidden and expanded populations, steps should be taken to safeguard the integrity of data collected. The purpose of this paper is to present a novel protocol in the form of an anonymous web-based research data integrity plan (DIP) protocol that outlines steps for securing data integrity while conducting anonymous web-based data collection. In this paper, we discuss a protocol regarding the development and implementation of a specific DIP in response to fraudulent activity in an original large-scale mixed methods study launched in April 2021. Four primary steps, each with a set of affiliated procedures, are presented: (1) defining the risks, (2) planning research protocols, (3) securing data collection and recruitment, and (4) determining enrollment. Following the relaunch of a large-scale original study and implementation of the DIP protocol, preliminary analyses demonstrated no fraudulent activity. A pre-post analysis is underway to evaluate the effectiveness of the DIP strategies from February 2022 through May 2023. Implementing the DIP protocol could save valuable research time, provides a process to examine data critically, and enables the contributi...


Fraudulent Activity Reliability Of Research Findings Anonymous Data Anonymous Research Data Integrity Pre-post Analysis Web-based Research Internet Research Primary Steps Data Collection

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Climate change Research Articles published between Jan 16, 2023 to Jan 22, 2023

R DiscoveryJan 23, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Carbon capture and utilization (CCU) is an emerging technology with commercial potential to convert atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) into net zero or ...

Read More

Quality Of Education Research Articles published between Jan 16, 2023 to Jan 22, 2023

R DiscoveryJan 23, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  2

Introduction: The Educational Scholar Program (ESP) is a creative method to focus on the quality of education and the scholarship of education. The ed...

Read More

Gender Equality Research Articles published between Jan 16, 2023 to Jan 22, 2023

R DiscoveryJan 23, 2023
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

This study deviates from the predominantly feminist/critical school of thought associated with existing gender studies to apply an interpretivist appr...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19


Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.