Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques
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Poor Gastric Emptying in Patients with Paraesophageal Hernias: Pyloroplasty, Per-Oral Pyloromyotomy, BoTox, or Wait and See?

Publication Date Aug 8, 2022

Abstract

Gastric emptying delay may be caused with both functional and anatomic derangements. Gastroparesis is suspected in patients presenting with certain foregut symptoms without anatomic obstruction. Data are still emerging regarding the best treatment of this condition. In cases where large paraesophageal hernias alter the upper gastrointestinal anatomy, it is difficult to know if gastroparesis also exists. Management of hiatal hernias is also still evolving, with various strategies to reduce recurrence being actively investigated. In this article, we present a systematic review of the existing literature around the management of gastroparesis and the management of paraesophageal hernias when they occur separately. In addition, since there are limited data to guide diagnosis and management of these conditions when they are suspected to coexist, we provide a rational strategy based on our own experience in patients with paraesophageal hernias who have symptoms or studies that raise suspicion for a coexisting functional disorder.

Concepts

Paraesophageal Hernias Management Of Paraesophageal Hernias Management Of Hiatal Hernias Poor Gastric Emptying Gastric Emptying In Patients Management Of Gastroparesis Per-Oral Pyloromyotomy Foregut Symptoms Emptying In Patients Management Of Hernias

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