Abstract Estimating the range at which an acoustic receiver can detect greenhouse gas (e.g., CO2) leakage from the sub-seabed is essential for determining whether passive acoustic techniques can be an effective environmental monitoring tool above marine carbon storage sites. Here we report results from a shallow water experiment completed offshore the island of Panarea, Sicily, at a natural CO2 vent site, where the ability of passive acoustics to detect and quantify gas flux was determined at different distances. Cross-correlation methods determined the time of arrival for different travel paths which were confirmed by acoustic modelling. We develop an approach to quantify vent bubble size and gas flux. Inversion of the acoustic data was completed using the modelled impulse response to provide equivalent propagation ranges rather than physical ranges. The results show that our approach is capable of detecting a CO2 bubble plume with a gas flux rate of 2.3 L/min at ranges of up to 8 m, and determining gas flux and bubble size accurately at ranges of up to 4 m in shallow water, where the bubble sound pressure is 10 dB above that of the ambient noise.
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Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.
Coronavirus Research Articles published between Oct 11, 2021 to Oct 17, 2021
Oct 18, 2021
Articles Included: 3
Muhammad Ikbal and colleagues (2021) reported in ‘Visualisasi dan Analisa Data Penyebaran Covid-19 dengan Metode Klasifikasi Naïve Bayes’ that the cov...Read More
Climate change Research Articles published between Oct 11, 2021 to Oct 17, 2021
Oct 18, 2021
Articles Included: 5
Junjie Jia et al. (2021) reported in ‘Driving mechanisms of gross primary productivity geographical patterns for Qinghai–Tibet Plateau lake systems’ t...Read More