Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B | VOL. 12
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Overcoming Mycobacterium tuberculosis through small molecule inhibitors to break down cell wall synthesis

Publication Date Aug 1, 2022

Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) utilizes multiple mechanisms to obtain antibiotic resistance during the treatment of infections. In addition, the biofilms, secreted by MTB, can further protect the latter from the contact with drug molecules and immune cells. These self-defending mechanisms lay a formidable challenge to develop effective therapeutic agents against chronic and recurring antibiotic-tolerant MTB infections. Although several inexpensive and effective drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol) have been discovered for the treatment regimen, MTB continues to cause considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. Antibiotic resistance and tolerance remain major global issues, and innovative therapeutic strategies are urgently needed to address the challenges associated with pathogenic bacteria. Gratifyingly, the cell wall synthesis of tubercle bacilli requires the participation of many enzymes which exclusively exist in prokaryotic organisms. These enzymes, absent in human hepatocytes, are recognized as promising targets to develop anti-tuberculosis drug. In this paper, we discussed the critical roles of potential drug targets in regulating cell wall synthesis of MTB. And also, we systematically reviewed the advanced development of novel bioactive compounds or drug leads for inhibition of cell wall synthesis, including their discovery, chemical modification, invitro and invivo evaluation.

Concepts

Inhibition Of Cell Wall Synthesis Cell Wall Synthesis Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Invivo Evaluation Human Hepatocytes Drug Molecules Prokaryotic Organisms Chemical Modification Effective Drugs Antibiotic Resistance

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