Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B | VOL. 12

Overcoming Mycobacterium tuberculosis through small molecule inhibitors to break down cell wall synthesis

Publication Date Aug 1, 2022


Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) utilizes multiple mechanisms to obtain antibiotic resistance during the treatment of infections. In addition, the biofilms, secreted by MTB, can further protect the latter from the contact with drug molecules and immune cells. These self-defending mechanisms lay a formidable challenge to develop effective therapeutic agents against chronic and recurring antibiotic-tolerant MTB infections. Although several inexpensive and effective drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol) have been discovered for the treatment regimen, MTB continues to cause considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. Antibiotic resistance and tolerance remain major global issues, and innovative therapeutic strategies are urgently needed to address the challenges associated with pathogenic bacteria. Gratifyingly, the cell wall synthesis of tubercle bacilli requires the participation of many enzymes which exclusively exist in prokaryotic organisms. These enzymes, absent in human hepatocytes, are recognized as promising targets to develop anti-tuberculosis drug. In this paper, we discussed the critical roles of potential drug targets in regulating cell wall synthesis of MTB. And also, we systematically reviewed the advanced development of novel bioactive compounds or drug leads for inhibition of cell wall synthesis, including their discovery, chemical modification, invitro and invivo evaluation.


Inhibition Of Cell Wall Synthesis Cell Wall Synthesis Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Invivo Evaluation Human Hepatocytes Drug Molecules Prokaryotic Organisms Chemical Modification Effective Drugs Antibiotic Resistance

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Climate change Research Articles published between Sep 12, 2022 to Sep 18, 2022

R DiscoverySep 19, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Rainfall projections from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) models are strongly tied to projected sea surface temperature (SST) spatial...

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19


Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.