Acta Histochemica | VOL. 124
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Optimizing rat and human blood cells sampling for in silico morphometric analysis

Publication Date Aug 1, 2022

Abstract

Measurements of Morphometric Parameters of the Blood Cells (MPBC) are key for the diagnosis of both mental and metabolic diseases. Several manual approaches or computational methodologies are useful to provide reliable clinical diagnosis. The sample processing and data analysis is relevant, however the sample handling on the pre-analytical phase remains scarcely evaluated. The main goal of this study was to favor the preservation of blood smear using a histological resin. This strategy lead us two practical approaches, give a detailed morphometric description of white blood cells and establish reference intervals in male Wistar rats, which are scarcely reported. Blood smears from male Wistar rats (n = 120) and adult men were collected at room temperature. The integrity of Wright-stained cells was evaluated by an in silico image analysis from rat and human blood smear preserved with a toluene-based synthetic resin mounting medium. A single sample of human blood was used as a control of procedure. The reference intervals was established by cell counting. Based on the results of segmentation algorithm followed by an automatic thresholding analysis, the incorporation of resin favor the conservation of cell blood populations, and lead to identify morphologic features such as nucleus/cytoplasmic shape, granules presence and DNA appearance in nucleus of white blood cells. The use of a histological resin could favor a fast and efficient sample handling in silico MPBC measurements both in the species studied as in wild animals.

Concepts

Nucleus Of White Blood Cells Male Wistar Rats Blood Smear Establish Reference Intervals Human Blood Manual Approaches Blood Cells Rat Blood Sample Handling Computational Methodologies

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