The European Physical Journal Plus | VOL. 137
Read

Non-monotonic dependence of heat loads induced by electron cloud on bunch population at the LHC

Publication Date Jul 22, 2022

Abstract

Electron cloud effects are among the main performance limitations for the operation of the Large Hadron Collider with 25\xa0ns bunch spacing. Electrons impacting on the beam screens of the superconducting magnets induce a significant heat load reaching values close to the full cooling capacity available from the cryogenic system in some LHC sectors. To better understand this performance limitation, numerical simulations with the PyECLOUD code were performed to study the dependence of the heat load on different beam and machine parameters, in particular the bunch population, which is foreseen to be considerably increased with the impending HL-LHC upgrade. The simulations predict a complex, non-monotonic behavior of the heat load with bunch population which has important implications in defining the upgrade of the cryogenic system required for coping with HL-LHC beam intensities. An in-depth analysis of the simulation results shows that the non-monotonic dependence of the heat load on the bunch population is driven by an interplay between the spectrum of the impacting electrons and the shape of the Secondary Electron Yield curve. Experimental data were collected at the LHC during normal operation and dedicated experiments in order to validate the simulation model and confirm the expected non-monotonic behavior. The simulation results are found to reproduce very well the measurement data.

Concepts

Bunch Population Dependence Of Load Electron Cloud Effects Shape Of Yield Curve Non-monotonic Behavior Cryogenic System Machine Parameters Performance Limitation Normal Operation Heat Load

Round-ups are the summaries of handpicked papers around trending topics published every week. These would enable you to scan through a collection of papers and decide if the paper is relevant to you before actually investing time into reading it.

Coronavirus Research Articles published between Sep 26, 2022 to Oct 02, 2022

R DiscoveryOct 03, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Introduction: Test solutions (Biotrue, renu Advanced [Bausch and Lomb], ACUVUE RevitaLens [Johnson and Johnson Vision], cleadew [Ophtecs corp.] or AOS...

Read More

Good health Research Articles published between Sep 26, 2022 to Oct 02, 2022

R DiscoveryOct 03, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  2

Patient and public involvement in health care is considered indispensable in the way we conduct daily pediatric neurology practice, and in the develop...

Read More

Quality Of Education Research Articles published between Sep 26, 2022 to Oct 02, 2022

R DiscoveryOct 03, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  5

Ingenta is not the publisher of the publication content on this website. The responsibility for the publication content rests with the publishers prov...

Read More

Gender Equality Research Articles published between Sep 26, 2022 to Oct 02, 2022

R DiscoveryOct 03, 2022
R DiscoveryArticles Included:  3

Introduction: As of early March 2022, the COVID-19 pandemic has killed more 5.9 million people worldwide, and infected more than 437 million.

Read More

Coronavirus Pandemic

You can also read COVID related content on R COVID-19

R ProductsCOVID-19

ONE PROBLEM . ONE PURPOSE . ONE PLACE

Creating the world’s largest AI-driven & human-curated collection of research, news, expert recommendations and educational resources on COVID-19

COVID-19 Dashboard

Disclaimer: All third-party content on this website/platform is and will remain the property of their respective owners and is provided on “as is” basis without any warranties, express or implied. Use of third-party content does not indicate any affiliation, sponsorship with or endorsement by them. Any references to third-party content is to identify the corresponding services and shall be considered fair use under The Copyright Law.