Antioxidants | VOL. 11
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Neuropharmacological Effects of Terpenoids on Preclinical Animal Models of Psychiatric Disorders: A Review

Publication Date Sep 18, 2022

Abstract

Terpenoids are widely distributed in nature, especially in the plant kingdom, and exhibit diverse pharmacological activities. In recent years, screening has revealed a wide variety of new terpenoids that are active against different psychiatric disorders. This review synthesized the current published preclinical studies of terpenoid use in psychiatric disorders. This review was extensively investigated to provide empirical evidence regarding the neuropharmacological effects of the vast group of terpenoids in translational models of psychiatric disorders, their relevant mechanisms of action, and treatment regimens with evidence of the safety and psychotropic efficacy. Therefore, we utilized nine (9) electronic databases and performed manual searches of each. The relevant data were retrieved from the articles published until present. We used the search terms “terpenoids” or “terpenes” and “psychiatric disorders” (“psychiatric disorders” OR “psychiatric diseases” OR “neuropsychiatric disorders” OR “psychosis” OR “psychiatric symptoms”). The efficacy of terpenoids or biosynthetic compounds in the terpenoid group was demonstrated in preclinical animal studies. Ginsenosides, bacosides, oleanolic acid, asiatic acid, boswellic acid, mono- and diterpenes, and different forms of saponins and triterpenoids were found to be important bioactive compounds in several preclinical studies of psychosis. Taken together, the findings of the present review indicate that natural terpenoids and their derivatives could achieve remarkable success as...

Concepts

Animal Models Of Psychiatric Disorders Asiatic Acid Psychiatric Disorders Boswellic Acid Important Bioactive Compounds Biosynthetic Compounds Preclinical Animal Studies Natural Terpenoids Oleanolic Acid Neuropsychiatric Disorders

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No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. The conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretatio...

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