International Journal of Ophthalmology | VOL. 15
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Multimodal imaging of experimental choroidal neovascularization

Publication Date Jun 18, 2022

Abstract

AIM: To compare choroidal neovascularization (CNV) lesion measurements obtained by in vivo imaging modalities, with whole mount histological preparations stained with isolectin GS-IB4, using a murine laser-induced CNV model. METHODS: B6N.Cg-Tg(Csf1r-EGFP)1Hume/J heterozygous adult mice were subjected to laser-induced CNV and were monitored by fluorescein angiography (FA), multicolor (MC) fundus imaging and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) at day 14 after CNV induction. Choroidal-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) whole mounts were prepared at the end of the experiment and were stained with isolectin GS-IB4. CNV areas were measured in all different imaging modalities at day 14 after CNV from three independent raters and were compared to choroidal-RPE whole mounts. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) type 2 (2-way random model) and its 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to measure the correlation between different raters' measurements. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (Spearman's r) was calculated for the comparison between FA, MC and OCTA data and histology data. RESULTS: FA (early and late) and MC correlates well with the CNV measurements ex vivo with FA having slightly better correlation than MC (FA early Spearman's r=0.7642, FA late Spearman's r=0.7097, and MC Spearman's r=0.7418), while the interobserver reliability was good for both techniques (FA early ICC=0.976, FA late ICC=0.964, and MC ICC=0.846). In contrast, OCTA showed a poor correlation with ex vivo measurements (Spearman's r=0...

Concepts
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Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography
Fluorescein Angiography
Intraclass Correlation Coefficient
Multicolor Imaging
Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Data
Heterozygous Adult Mice
Spearman's Rank Correlation
Choroidal Neovascularization
Rank Correlation
Small Rodents

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