Open forum infectious diseases | VOL. 9
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Mid-regional Proadrenomedullin Biomarker Predicts Coronavirus Disease 2019 Clinical Outcomes: A US-Based Cohort Study.

Publication Date Sep 1, 2022

Abstract

Mid-regional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) is a biomarker released following endothelial damage. Studies have shown a correlation in predicting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outcomes with MR-proADM levels. Our study aimed to investigate baseline MR-proADM as a predictor of a wider range of clinical outcomes of varying severity in patients admitted with COVID-19, and to compare to other biomarkers. Data from the Boston Area COVID-19 Consortium (BACC) Bay Tocilizumab Trial was used in this study. Patients with biomarker determinations, and not admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) on admission, were included. MR-proADM cutoff of 0.87 nmol/L was assessed in predicting clinical outcomes. Of 182 patients, 11.0% were mechanically ventilated or dead within 28 days. Of patients with MR-proADM >0.87 nmol/L, 21.1% were mechanically ventilated or dead within 28 days, compared with 4.5% of those with MR-proADM ≤0.87 nmol/L (P < .001). The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of MR-proADM cutoff of 0.87 nmol/L in predicting mechanical ventilation or death were 75%, 65%, 95%, and 21%, respectively, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.76. On multivariable logistic regression analysis, MR-proADM >0.87 nmol/L was independently associated with mechanical ventilation or death, ICU admission, prolonged hospitalization beyond day 4, and day 4 COVID-19 ordinal scale equal to or worse than day 1. MR-proADM functions as a valuable biomarker for the early risk st...

Concepts

Mid-regional Proadrenomedullin Coronavirus Disease 2019 Mid-regional Proadrenomedullin Levels Mechanical Ventilation Intensive Care Unit Admission Multivariable Logistic Regression Analysis Biomarker For Risk Stratification Negative Predictive Value Endothelial Damage Prolonged Hospitalization

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