iScience | VOL. 25
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Micron-sized single-crystal cathodes for sodium-ion batteries.

Publication Date May 20, 2022

Abstract

Confining the particle-electrolyte interactions to the particle surface in electrode materials is vital to develop sustainable and safe batteries. Micron-sized single-crystal particles offer such opportunities. Owing to the reduced surface area and grain boundary-free core, particle-electrolyte interactions in micron-sized single-crystal particles will be confined to the particle surface. Here, we reveal the potential of such materials in sodium-ion batteries. We synthesized and investigated the chemical, electrochemical, and thermal properties of single-crystalline P2-type Na0.7Mn0.9Mg0.1O2 as a cathode material for sodium-ion batteries. Single-crystalline Na0.7Mn0.9Mg0.1O2 with a mean particle size of 8.1μm exhibited high cycling and voltage stability. In addition, the exothermic heat released by the charged single-crystal Na0.7Mn0.9Mg0.1O2 cathodes was four times lower than that of the corresponding polycrystalline Na0.7Mn0.9Mg0.1O2. This significantly enhances the thermal stability of electrode materials and possibly mitigates thermal runaways in batteries. Surprisingly, single crystals of Na0.7Mn0.9Mg0.1O2 were relatively stable in water and ambient atmosphere.

Concepts
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Cathode Material For Sodium-ion Batteries
Material For Sodium-ion Batteries
Safe Batteries
Micron-sized Particles
O2 Cathodes
Sodium-ion Batteries
Ambient Atmosphere
Voltage Stability
High Voltage Stability
Cathode Material For Batteries

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