Journal of Petrology | VOL. 63
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Mg–Fe Isotopes Link the Geochemical Complexity of the Coldwell Complex, Midcontinent Rift to Metasomatic Processes in the Mantle

Publication Date Aug 1, 2022

Abstract

Abstract Mafic intrusions in the Coldwell Complex have previously been interpreted as forming from a metasomatized mantle source. To build upon our understanding of this metasomatism, the Mg–Fe isotope compositions of these rocks have been determined, and variations are assessed with respect to the magmatic processes that could have occurred at different stages of their formation. The mineralized Marathon Series (δ26Mg = −0.28‰ to −0.19‰), associated metabasalt (δ26Mg = −0.24‰ to −0.23‰), and the Geordie Lake gabbro (δ26Mg = −0.31‰ to −0.22‰) are characterized by δ26Mg values that are within the range of mantle values, whereas the unmineralized Layered Series (δ26Mg = −0.2‰ to −0.05‰) is heavier than mantle. In contrast, the δ56Fe values of all the Coldwell basaltic–gabbroic rocks (δ56Fe = 0.07 ± 0.08‰) are heavier than mantle but within the range of terrestrial basalts and mafic–ultramafic layered intrusions. We propose that the Mg–Fe isotope compositions of these rocks was not significantly modified by processes such as partial melting or garnet retention/fractionation in the mantle, fractional crystallization, or contamination during ascent through the crust, as the isotope values do not correlate with proxies for these processes (e.g. La/Sm and La/Yb, Gd/Yb, MgO–CaO–TiO2, and Th/Nb and Th/La, respectively). Their isotope compositions are, therefore, proposed to reflect the compositions of their metasomatized mantle sources. We conclude that metasomatism was not caused by a carbonate melt, subduction-altere...

Concepts

δ26Mg Values Coldwell Complex Metasomatized Mantle Source δ56Fe Values Mafic Ultramafic Layered Intrusions Range Of Mantle Values Fe Isotope Midcontinent Rift Carbonate Melt Layered Series

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