Patient Education and Counseling | VOL. 105
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Methods to elicit and evaluate the attainment of patient goals in older adults: A scoping review

Publication Date Oct 1, 2022

Abstract

This scoping review aimed to identify patient goal elicitation and evaluation methods for older adults, and to investigate which methods can be used in medication optimization interventions for nursing home residents (NHRs). The Arksey and O'Malley framework guided the review. A search was launched in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Web of Science. Reference selection and data extraction were performed by three independent reviewers, followed by team discussions to solve discrepancies. Inductive thematic analysis was applied to synthesize the data. Included papers were reconsidered to identify methods for medication optimization interventions for NHRs. Ninety-six references, encompassing 38 elicitation and 12 evaluation methods, were included. Elicitation methods differed in structure, content, and patient involvement levels. Qualitative and quantitative methods were found to assess goal attainment. Five elicitation and three evaluation methods were developed for NHRs, but none of these contained a medication-related assessment. A variety of goal elicitation and evaluation methods for older adults was found, but none for medication optimization interventions in NHRs. A holistic approach seems important to integrate patient goals into medication optimization interventions, not limiting goal elicitation to a medication-related assessment. Also, the choice of assessor seems important to obtain patient goals.

Concepts

Goal Elicitation Nursing Home Residents Elicitation Methods Evaluation Methods Scoping Review Web Of Science Holistic Approach Older Adults Data Extraction Quantitative Methods

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