Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter | VOL. 34
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Mechanical properties of 2D Zr n +1C n (n = 1, 2) MXenes with and without functionalization

Publication Date Sep 21, 2022

Abstract

Transition metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes) are considered the new generation of flexible electronic materials because of their superior mechanical strength and flexibility. Based on the density functional theory, the structures, electronic properties and mechanical properties of the 2D Zr-based MXenes with and without surface functional groups (O, F and OH) are investigated systematically to explore their elastic properties and tensile fracture mechanism. The results reveal the tensile strength and critical strain under biaxial tensile direction can reach 52 GPa, 12% for Zr2C and 55 GPa, 19% for Zr3C2, more outstanding than the mechanical behavior of the pristine Ti2C (47 GPa, 9.5%). The tensile behaviors of the functionalized Zr n +1CnT2 (n = 1, 2, T = O, F, OH) strongly depend on the crystallographic orientation and the surface functional group. The phonon spectrum under the critical strain indicates the tensile fracture of the pristine Zr-based MXenes was determined by phonon instability, except along the armchair direction of Zr2C and zigzag direction of Zr3C2. During tensile strain, the collapse of Zr n +1C n F2 and Zr n +1C n (OH)2 (n = 1, 2) are mainly caused by internal Zr–C bond rupture and transfer to the surface. While the O-functionalized Zr n +1C n O2 (n = 1, 2) presented the opposite collapse trend. Additionally, according to the research results of critical strain, elastic modulus and electrical conductivity, F/OH-terminated Zr2C MXene is relatively more suitable for flexible sensors of wearable devi...

Concepts

Surface Functional Group Tensile Fracture Mechanism Critical Strain Superior Mechanical Strength Phonon Instability Phonon Spectrum Tensile Fracture Superior Mechanical Flexibility Crystallographic Orientation Pristine MXenes

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