World Journal of Surgery | VOL. 46
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Machine Learning Algorithms for Predicting Surgical Outcomes after Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review

Publication Date Sep 15, 2022

Abstract

BackgroundMachine learning (ML) has been introduced in various fields of healthcare. In colorectal surgery, the role of ML has yet to be reported. In this systematic review, an overview of machine learning models predicting surgical outcomes after colorectal surgery is provided.MethodsDatabases PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Web of Science were searched for studies using machine learning models for patients undergoing colorectal surgery. To be eligible for inclusion, studies needed to apply machine learning models for patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Absence of machine learning or colorectal surgery or studies reporting on reviews, children, study abstracts were excluded. The Probast risk of bias tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of machine learning models.ResultsA total of 1821 studies were analysed, resulting in the inclusion of 31 articles. A vast proportion of ML algorithms have been used to predict the course of disease and response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Radiomics have been applied most frequently, along with predictive accuracies up to 91%. However, most studies included a retrospective study design without external validation or calibration.ConclusionsMachine learning models have shown promising potential in predicting surgical outcomes after colorectal surgery. However, large-scale data is warranted to bridge the gap between calibration and external validation. Clinical implementation is needed to demonstrate the contribution of ML within daily practice.

Concepts

Colorectal Surgery Machine Learning Models External Validation ML Algorithms Fields Of Healthcare Machine Learning Systematic Review Clinical Implementation Course Of Disease Web Of Science

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